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Texas Spiders Unveiled: Understanding Houston’s Eight-Legged Inhabitants

December 21, 2023

By Rachel Maldonado

Texas Spiders Unveiled: Understanding Houston’s Eight-Legged Inhabitants

You may think you know everything there is to know about Houston’s cowboy culture and blazing hot weather, but did you know that this city is also a spider mecca

That’s right – Houston is home to a whole host of spider species, each with its unique behaviors and traits. 

So join us as we explore the spider kingdom lurking right under our noses and discuss the most common spiders in Houston. 

Identifying Houston’s Common Spiders

Houston is a diverse city, and its spider population is no exception! If you look closely around your home or yard, you might just spot a wolf spider scurrying across the ground, an orb-weaver spinning a delicate web, or a jumping spider leaping from leaf to leaf.

Some of the most common Houston spiders are the brown recluse, black widow, garden, crab, wolf, orb, and cellar spiders. Let’s take a closer look at what makes each of these spiders in Houston unique.

Brown Recluse

The brown recluse, or “fiddleback spider,” is perhaps one of the most infamous spiders in Houston. This venomous arachnid is easily recognizable by its violin-shaped markings on its back. 

While the brown recluse is not typically aggressive, it can be dangerous if threatened or provoked. Its bite can cause a range of symptoms, from mild pain and itching to more severe reactions like fever and headache. In extreme cases, it can even lead to tissue death and necrosis. 

So if you encounter a brown recluse, it’s best to leave it alone and call a professional to safely remove it.

Black Widow

Another venomous spider to watch out for in Houston is the black widow. These shiny black arachnids have distinctive red hourglass markings on their abdomens, making them easy to spot. 

While their venom can be harmful to humans, black widows usually only bite if they feel threatened or provoked. Symptoms can include muscle cramps, nausea, and headaches. Like the brown recluse, it’s important to seek medical attention if you’ve been bitten by a black widow.

Garden Spider

A common sight in Houston gardens and yards is the garden spider, also known as the “writing spider.” These large arachnids are easy to identify by their characteristic yellow and black or white and black markings. 

Despite their intimidating size, garden spiders are not venomous and are actually beneficial to have around. They feed on insects like mosquitoes and flies, making them a natural pest control option for your outdoor space.

Crab Spider

These colorful arachnids come in a variety of hues, from yellow and green to pink and purple. 

Unlike some of their venomous counterparts, crab spiders are harmless to humans and generally keep to themselves. They can often be found hiding among flowers and plants, waiting for their next meal to come along.

Wolf Spider

The wolf spider is another common spider found in Houston. These large, hairy spiders are often mistaken for small tarantulas and brown recluse, but they’re actually quite different in appearance and behavior. 

Wolf spiders are hunters and do not build webs to catch their prey. Instead, they chase down their meals on foot, making them one of the fastest spiders around. While they may look intimidating, wolf spiders are not venomous and are generally not aggressive towards humans.

Orb Weaver

If you’re a fan of Charlotte’s Web, you’ll love the orb weaver spider. As the name suggests, these beautiful arachnids create intricate, circular webs that are a wonder to behold. They can be found in gardens and wooded areas throughout Houston, and are easily identifiable by their large, round bodies and distinctive webs

Again, orb weavers are not harmful to humans and are actually beneficial for controlling insects in your outdoor space.

Cellar Spider

The final spider on our list is the cellar spider, also known as the “daddy long legs.” These long-legged arachnids are commonly found in damp, dark areas like basements and crawl spaces. 

While they may look creepy, cellar spiders are not venomous and are actually quite harmless to humans. In fact, they’re known to be one of the most beneficial spiders to have around, as they feed on other spiders and insects in your home.

Final Thoughts

Houston’s spider diversity is truly remarkable and offers a unique insight into the natural world around us. With over 200 species of arachnids living in the Houston area, we are fortunate to have such a wide range of spiders to observe and appreciate.

From the venomous black widow spider to the harmless orb-weavers, each species has its own unique characteristics and behaviors. Understanding these spider behaviors can help us coexist peacefully with them and appreciate their role in our ecosystem.

Whether you’re a spider enthusiast or simply curious about the eight-legged creatures that call Houston home, it’s worth taking the time to learn more. By doing so, we can foster a greater appreciation for the natural world and the ways in which we can live in harmony with it.

But if you’re worried about the spiders setting up shop in your home – instead of the great outdoors – you may want to give Hawx Pest Control a call. 

Our experienced technicians can provide you with the knowledge and services you need to keep your home spider-free. Because no matter how beneficial a spider might be to the environment, there’s a good chance you don’t want them spinning their webs in your home.

Join Hawx’s family of satisfied customers today!

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